Vasectomy is a common operation with over 500,000 procedures being performed yearly in the U.S. Through the decades, vasectomy has consistently proven to be a safe and effective surgery. Despite the unlikelihood of complications, patients should be aware of potential vasectomy side effects and risks that may include:
- Bleeding - Vasectomy side effects include a small chance of bleeding, but it is less common with a minimally invasive vasectomy used at the Ogden Clinic. If bleeding occurs in the scrotum, drainage of the blood could be necessary. A small amount of bleeding does not require surgical drainage, but the area may be tender or discolored for 2-4 weeks. Bleeding under the skin may also cause swelling or bruising.
- Infection - This is a rare complication. If infection occurs, a course of antibiotics may be prescribed to resolve it.
- Sperm granuloma - Leakage of sperm from the vas deferens into the surrounding tissue can result in the formation of a small lump called a sperm granuloma. This condition is not usually painful and requires no further treatment. Occasionally this may cause pain that can be treated with Ibuprofen and Tylenol. In rare cases, surgical removal may be necessary.
- Pain - In some cases, men have experienced long-term testicular pain and some have required a second procedure to help resolve such pain. Less that 1% of men will experience long term pain.
- Rejoining of the vas deferens - It is possible for the two ends of the vas deferens to rejoin. In this case, the man is no longer sterile and would need a second procedure to become sterile again. This is an extremely rare event with current methods of occlusion.
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